THE MEDITERRANEAN AS IT ONCE WAS
HISTORY AND FUTURE
Croatia and Montenegro are located on the Balkan peninsula, in an area called Illeria by the Romans. The region has been loved and feared by many different people. Romans, Austrians, Turks and Italians; they have claimed the territories of these countries at some point in history. Located on a crossroads of civilizations, the Adriatic forms a cultural rich land, with Slavic, Italian, German and Ottoman influences. Ever since the newborn country Croatia gained independence, the country has looked at Western Europe and welcomed a new wave of tourists from all over the world. Montenegro has since the peaceful seperation with Serbia developed into the ‘Switzerland of the Balkan’ offering an investment-friendly economical climate and fiscal advantages. Both countries are proud to be part of the modern Europe and their people speak a high level of English. Croatia entered the European Union in 2013 and Montenegro is expected to do the same before 2020.
Croatia and Montenegro have both a lot to offer. Croatia can be divided into 5 coastal regions: Istria, Kvarner, North Dalmatia, Middle Dalmatia and South Dalmatia. Tourism in Montenegro is mainly based in the Bay of Kotor.
Along the Adriatic coast you can find a unique scenery with over 1100 bigger and smaller island of with 67 are inhabited. With almost 6000 km of coast line Croatia has one of the longest coast lines of the Mediterranean. Only with a lot less people then France or Italy. The inland is dominated by the dramatic Dinaric Alps and the Tuscany-like hills of Istria. Heading south the vineyards and corn fields are slowly replaced by pine forests and cypresses.
The coastal towns and cities offer a vibrant night life, great food and lots of culture with several UNESCO heritage sites. The inland provides tranquility, nature, wildlife and dramatic mountains. The development of golf courses and resorts will turn Croatia and Montenegro into ‘year round’ destinations.
With the different regions of the Adriatic come different climate types. The Adriatic had a Mediterranean climate with hot summers and mild winters. Spring and specially autumn can be very warm with beach temperatures till the beginning of November or sometimes even December. The average temperature during summer is between 23 and 27 degrees Celsius. The Dalmatian islands, such as Hvar and Korcula offer some 400 hours of sunlight more than the French or Italian Rivieras. The clear blue Adriatic Sea has an average temperature of 25 degrees during summer.